Financial Disintermediation and Financial Fragility



This paper investigates how expanding the corporate bond market and the shadow banking sector affect the susceptibility of the financial system to crisis. We show that the corporate bond market can increase banking fragility although it also diminishes the impact of banking crises. Shadow banking allows higher financial system leverage and thus increases bank risk taking and fragility even further. Because it relies on bank capital for its operations, the shadow banking sector provides no funding diversification and cannot offset the real economy impact of a banking crisis.