Working Papers

Quantitative Finance




Constructing Copulas Using Corrected Hermite Polynomial Expansion for Estimating Cross Foreign Exchange Volatility (Forthcoming in European Journal of Operational Research)

Author:Kenichiro Shiraya, Tomohisa Yamakami


Copulas are used to construct joint distributions in many areas. In some problems, it is necessary to deal with correlation structures that are more complicated than the commonly known copulas. A finite order multivariate Hermite polynomial expansion, as an approximation of a joint density function, can handle complex correlation structures. However, it does not construct copulas because the density function can take negative values. In this study, we propose a method to construct a copula based on the finite sum of multivariate Hermite polynomial expansions by applying corrections to the joint density function. Furthermore, we apply this copula to estimate the volatility smile of cross currency pairs in the foreign exchange option market. This method can easily reproduce the volatility smile of cross currency pairs by appropriately adjusting the parameters and following the daily volatility fluctuations even if the higher-order parameters are fixed. In the numerical experiments, we compare the estimation results of the volatility smile of EUR-JPY with those of USD-JPY and EUR-USD for the proposed and other copulas, and show the validity of the proposed copula.